Clarence (Circa 1897); a coachman-driven vehicle seating 4 people.
Brougham (Circa 1895); designed by Lord Brougham. Passenger is able to communicate with the driver through a tubular whistle. A system of long and short whistles would inform the driver to turn left, right, stop or proceed on homeward.
Dress Chariot (Circa 1840-1860) Made by the coachbuilder Armbruster for Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria. Communication with the coachman was via a pull string which attached to a button on the back of his coat. Hammercloth over the driver's seat is of silk velvet, decorated with 210 hand turned, hand covered gold bullions. Over 150 meters of gold cables further adorn the cloth.
Dress Chariot, (Circa 1840-1860) for Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria.
Goat Sociable to transport the infants and toddlers of wealthy aristocrats. It would be put to a well-trained goat which would be led by a household servant or driven by a precocious child. Seating for at least four.
Park Drag (Circa 1880). Privately owned coaches that were driven to race meets, polo matches, and the park for picnicking.
Road Coach (Circa 1895). The Sir Walter Scott was driven in Scotland for many years.
Road Coach (Circa 1895). The Sir Walter Scott was driven in Scotland for many years. His was the connection or adding another team of horses.
Garden Seat Omnibus (Circa 1890). Built in London it arries up to 28 passengers. Buses such as this played an important role in public transportation.
The Bow-Top design was especially popular with Gypsies because it combined elegance with lightness, durability and a low center of gravity.
1928 Rols Royce. Its body was made by Frewster of New York and its undercarrige and motor were made in England by Rolls.
Fire Chiefs Phaeton (Circa 1909). This ceremonial phaeton was reserved for the Fire Chiefs personal use to parade the local fire equipment.
Omnibus (Circa 1890). In 1905, there were over 1400 Omnibuses and 17,000 horses working in London for the London General Omnibus Company. The vehicle seats 6-8 on the interior and 5 or 6 on the exterior with cargo room behind the roof seat.
Body Break (Wagonette Break) (Circa 1900). Body Break was the English term associated with this large carriage used to transport both people and cargo.
Skeleton-Boot Victoria (Circa 1890). Named for Queen Victoria, this design was the most popular servant driven lady's vehicle of the late 1800's.
Actual horse skeleton.
Break-de-Chasse (Circa 1899). The English term "break" meant a heavy four-wheeled passenger vehicle with an elevated friver's seat. "De Chasse" indicates that this break was driven to the Hunt.
Park Phaeton (Circa 1890). Either servant-dirven or owner-driven this carriage would take the family on a Sunday outing to the park or chaperoned young ladies to afternoon tea. Grooms in formal livery would be turned out in appropriate colors.
Hunting Break (Circa 1895). Thisvery large sports carriage was used for hunting. The gentleman himself drove his guests and two grooms at the back to the hunting ground. The hunting dogs traveled with them in the space behind the lourve panels which led to fresh air
Tour-neau Sociable (Circa 1905). Favored as a lady's summer carriage for Park Driving.
George IV Phaeton Circa 1910. This vehicle was copied from one made for King George IV in 1824, who needed an easy entry. As more ladies began to drive, the carriage design appealed, permitting them to mount the carrage easily despite their long skirts.
Tour de Lak. The narrow mountain roads of Switzerland and the Italian Alps made vihicles with small tracking a necessity. Developed primarily for tourists to the mountains and lakes, the seat was set to the left side to permit an unimpeded view of the lake shore and the mountain valleys.
Caleche (Circa 1880). This elegant town carriage required the service of well-schooled postillion riders able to handle high spirited, superb haorses to match the grandeur of the formal work to which it was put. One groom in full livery rides on the seat behind, ready to assist the passengers entering or eaving the vehicle.
Country Carts and Wagons
Friesian Chaise. From Friesland in the north of Holland, this vehicle was used for social visits and going to Sunday worship by both nobility and farmers as well.
Comfort Wagon (Circa Early 1800's). This vehicle was produced or Henry Knox, Chief artillery officer to General George Washington.
Jenny Lind (Circa 1884). In 1850, showman Phineas T. Barnum persuaded soprano Jenny Lind to come from her home in Sweden and tour the U.S.
Basket-body Phaeton (Circa 1900). Ladies of the day enjoyed this design, for it permitted easy entry and roominess for long skirts. Basket carriages were generally intended for summertime use, and the parasol top gave protection from the sun.
New Century Golfing Wagon (Circa 1886-1894). The parallel crosswise seats accommodated four sportsmen as they ventured out for a day on the greens.
Conestoga Bells. On many wagons, each horse sported a set of bells which produced a melodious ringing that heralded the approach of the Conestoga.
Prairie Schooner Wagon (Circa 1800). They first came into prominence during the gold rush age of the 18rp's when thousands of Americans packed up their lives and went in seach of a new one. The wagons were heavy, difficult to maneuver, and always in need of repair.
Opera Bus (Circa 1906). It is really a private omnibus, the forerunner of our modern public transportation.
Germantown Coupe Rockaway (Circa 1885). Originating in Fermantown, PA, it is a smaller version of the standard sized Rockaway.
Bronson Wagon (Six-passenger). The design was developed by Mr. William Brewster of the Brewster and Company, New York, for his friend, Frederic Bronson, at whose suggestin Brewster enlarged the double steps, as Mr. Bronson had complained tht he was always bumping his shins on ill-designed carriage steps.
The One-Hoss Shay
U.S. Mail Cart (Circa 1890) The delivery man would step off the cart, make his delivery, and cue the horse that it was time to move on by stepping back onto the cart.
Milk Wagon (Circa 1900). From the Maple Shade Farm in Pottstown, PA, Mr. Harvey Culp would haul milk to his customers every morning in the days when a quart of milk cost five cents. The vehicle has no place for the driver to sit down, as the delivery man would be on his feet constantly.